A Path Out of the Middle East Collapse

The Wall Street Journal
October 16, 2015

The debate about whether the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran regarding its nuclear program stabilized the Middle East’s strategic framework had barely begun when the region’s geopolitical framework collapsed. Russia’s unilateral military action in Syria is the latest symptom of the disintegration of the American role in stabilizing the Middle East order that […]

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Reflections on the Marshall Plan

Harvard Gazette
May 22, 2015

In June 1947, Gen. George C. Marshall — revered as the “organizer of victory” and Army Chief of Staff during World War II and now five months into his tenure as President Harry S. Truman’s Secretary of State — addressed the Commencement audience in Harvard Yard. Describing the devastation of Europe’s economies and societies, Marshall […]

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The Iran Deal and Its Consequences

The Wall Street Journal
April 7, 2015

Inspections and Enforcement

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The World Will Miss Lee Kuan Yew

The Washington Post
March 23, 2015

Lee Kuan Yew was a great man. And he was a close personal friend, a fact that I consider one of the great blessings of my life. A world needing to distill order from incipient chaos will miss his leadership. Lee emerged onto the international stage as the founding father of the state of Singapore, […]

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How the Ukraine Crisis Ends

The Washington Post
March 6, 2014

Public discussion on Ukraine is all about confrontation. But do we know where we are going? In my life, I have seen four wars begun with great enthusiasm and public support, all of which we did not know how to end and from three of which we withdrew unilaterally. The test of policy is how […]

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Ariel Sharon’s Journey from Soldier to Statesman

The Washington Post
January 14, 2014

Arik Sharon started as a warrior. He ended his career on the way to being a peacemaker. On that journey from fighting in every one of Israel’s wars to lying comatose for eight years in a Jerusalem hospital, he symbolized the anguish and dilemmas of Israel. A people who had come to their historic homeland […]

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What a Final Iran Deal Must Do

The Wall Street Journal
December 3, 2013

A credible agreement must dismantle or mothball the key parts of Tehran's nuclear infrastructure. As former secretaries of state, we have confronted the existential issue of nuclear weapons and negotiated with adversaries in attempts to reduce nuclear perils. We sympathize with the current administration's quest to resolve the Iranian nuclear standoff through diplomacy. We write […]

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Next Steps in Reducing Nuclear Risks

The Wall Street Journal
March 6, 2013

Every American president since the end of World War II has sought to come to grips with the unique security risks and challenges associated with nuclear weapons. The specter of a nuclear war, accident, proliferation or terrorism has led to serious and sustained efforts to control, reduce and eliminate nuclear risks. Over the decades, progress […]

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Job One Abroad: Iran

The Washington Post
November 18, 2012

In the aftermath of an exhausting reelection campaign, the most urgent decision facing the president is how to stop Iran from pursuing a military nuclear program. Presidents of both parties have long declared that “no option is off the table” in securing this goal. In the third presidential debate, the candidates agreed that this was […]

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Idealism and Pragmatism in the Middle East

The Washington Post
August 5, 2012

The Arab Spring is often celebrated by reciting the roll call of overthrown autocrats. But revolutions, in the end, will be judged primarily by what they build, not what they destroy. And in this respect, a year of revolution has refashioned exhilaration into paradox. The United States applauded the demonstrations in Egypt’s Tahrir Square. Blaming […]

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